What is probabilistic encryption in Salesforce?

What is probabilistic encryption in Salesforce?

By default, Salesforce encrypts data using a probabilistic encryption scheme. Probabilistic encryption is the use of randomness in an encryption algorithm so that when encrypting the same text several times, it will, in general, yield different cipher texts.

Why ElGamal cryptosystem is probabilistic in nature?

Efficiency. ElGamal encryption is probabilistic, meaning that a single plaintext can be encrypted to many possible ciphertexts, with the consequence that a general ElGamal encryption produces a 1:2 expansion in size from plaintext to ciphertext.

What are 3 characteristics of the ideal encryption scheme?

List 3 characteristics of the ideal encryption scheme.

  • easy to encode.
  • easy to decode.
  • difficult to crack.

What is the difference between Shield platform encryption and classic encryption?

With Shield Platform Encryption, you can encrypt a variety of widely used standard fields, along with some custom fields and many kinds of files. Classic encryption lets you protect only a special type of custom text field, which you create for that purpose.

What is the difference between cracking a code and decrypting a message?

What is the difference is between “cracking” a code and “decrypting” a message? Cracking a code is when you attempt to decode a secret message without knowing all the specifics of the cipher and decryption is when you already know the key and are trying to reverse the process of encryption.

How to convert deterministic encryption to probabilistic encryption?

An intuitive approach to converting a deterministic encryption scheme into a probabilistic one is to simply pad the plaintext with a random string before encrypting with the deterministic algorithm. Conversely, decryption involves applying a deterministic algorithm and ignoring the random padding.

Who was the first person to invent probabilistic encryption?

The first provably-secure probabilistic public-key encryption scheme was proposed by Shafi Goldwasser and Silvio Micali, based on the hardness of the quadratic residuosity problem and had a message expansion factor equal to the public key size.

How are public and private keys used in encryption?

In public-key encryption, two keys are used, a public key for encryption, which everyone has, and a private key for decryption, which only you have. Normally, this approach is strong, meaning that it won’t easily succumb to a brute force attack. This type of attack simply tries all possible decryption keys until the right one is found.

Which is a property of an encryption scheme?

INTRODUCTION This paper proposes an encryption scheme that possesses the following property: Whatever is efficiently computable about the cleartext given the cyphertext, is also efficiently computable without the cyphertext. The security of our encryption scheme is based on complexity theory.